Geologists are scientists who study the Earth, its history, nature, materials and processes. Look up frequently asked questions about Geologists

Geologists are employed in three sectors:

                                    Geoenvironment       -       Construction      -       Georesources

A number of specialisations have developed within Geology:

Environmental Geologist

Studies to find solutions for environmental degradation by studying flooding, erosion, pollution, contamination and landfills. 


Hydrogeologists apply their knowledge to design and construct water wells for drinking water supply, irrigation schemes and other purposes and discover how much water is available to sustain water supplies so that these do not adversely affect the environment.

Marine Geologist

Studies process of minerals and rocks that move and form under the ocean.

Engineering Geologist 

Applies Geology to Engineering for the purpose of assuring that the geological factors regarding the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are recognized and accounted for. 

Geomaterials Geologist

Specialises in aggregate, building stone, cement, concrete and their testing.

Planning Geologist

Geology applied to planning to determine a particular course of action and land-use planning. This entails resolution of conflicts between the need to utilize land and at the same time to protect the environment. 

Sedimentologist and Stratigrapher

apply their understanding of modern processes to interpret geologic history through observations of sedimentary rocks and sedimentary structures and stratigraphy. Sedimentary rocks cover up to 75% of the Earth's surface and 100% of the surface of the Maltese Islands

Mining and Quarrying Geologist

Specialises on the extraction of rock for industrial purposes and the design of quarries and mines.

Economic Geologist

Exploration Geologist

specialises in exploration for minerals, oil and gas. 

Explores for and develops Earth's resources. Economic geology is concerned with earth materials that can be used for economic and/or industrial purposes. These materials include precious and base metals, non-metallic minerals and construction-grade stone.

Petroleum Geologist

make decisions on where to drill for petroleum. This is done by locating prospects within a sedimentary basin. Petroleum geologists determine a prospect's viability.

Structural Geologist

Specialises in the deformation of rock and geological structures

Planetary Geologist

Studies celestial bodies and the processes and structures in them.

Other professionals related to Geology are: geomorphologists, geophysicists, mineralologists and geochemists