WHAT IS A GEOLOGIST?
Geologists are scientists who study the Earth, its history, nature, materials and processes. Geologists are employed in three sectors:
Geoenvironment - Georesources - Construction
A number of specialisations have developed within Geology:
Studies to find solutions for environmental degradation by studying flooding, erosion, pollution and contamination.
Studies process of minerals and rocks that move and form under the ocean.
Engineering Geologist and Geotechnical Geologist
Applies Geology to Engineering for the purpose of assuring that the geological factors regarding the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are recognized and accounted for.
Specialises in aggregate, building stone, cement, concrete and their testing.
Geology applied to planning to determine a particular course of action and land-use planning. This entails resolution of conflicts between the need to utilize land and at the same time to protect the environment.
Sedimentologist and Stratigrapher
apply their understanding of modern processes to interpret geologic history through observations of sedimentary rocks and sedimentary structures and stratigraphy. Sedimentary rocks cover up to 75% of the Earth's surface and 100% of the surface of the Maltese Islands
Explores for and develops Earth's resources. Economic geology is concerned with earth materials that can be used for economic and/or industrial purposes. These materials include precious and base metals, non-metallic minerals and construction-grade stone.
Specialises in the deformation of rock and geological structures
Mining and Quarrying Geologist
Specialises on the extraction of rock for industrial purposes and the design of quarries and mines.
make decisions on where to drill for petroleum. This is done by locating prospects within a sedimentary basin. Petroleum geologists determine a prospect's viability.
specialises in exploration for minerals, oil and gas.
Studies celestial bodies and the processes and structures in them.
Other professionals related to Geology are: geomorphologists, geophysicists, mineralologists and geochemists